Drought, Sicily a region at risk, data confirms it – BlogSicilia

Drought, Sicily a region at risk, data confirms it – BlogSicilia
Drought, Sicily a region at risk, data confirms it – BlogSicilia

There Drought Italian has reached “worrying levels” so much so that in 2022 a loss of 51.5% of renewable water resources was recorded compared to the historical average since 1950. The situation is photographed by The House’s Water Value for Italy Community – Ambrosetti. And in 2023, rising temperatures and the effects of human action have generated new pressure on water resources. There are already twelve regions with high water stress – with the South at the top – and this is set to increase.

Basilicata, Calabria, Sicily, Puglia are the most exposed overall, followed in order by Campania, Lazio, Marche and Umbria, Tuscany, Molise, Sardinia and Abruzzo. Experts – reports the Community Valore acqua – estimate that by 2030 water stress will further intensify in some Italian regions, with an increase of 8.7% in Liguria, 6.1% in Friuli-Venezia Giulia and 5 .7% in the Marche.
At a European level, the peninsula ranks as fourth EU country for water stress, with an index of 3.3 out of 5. Only Belgium (4.4), Greece (4.3) and Spain (3.9) have worse values.

The sectors most affected

Two sectors in particular are most affected by the heating global and drought: agriculture and hydroelectric. Italian agriculture, the analysis highlights, is facing a growing water scarcity which puts food production and the sustainability of agricultural activities at risk.

Honey production fell by 70%, pears by 63% and cherries by 60%. Hydroelectricity is suffering due to the reduction of water resources, compromising the country’s ability to meet energy demand through clean sources.
2022 was a black year. Total precipitation has drastically decreased, and snow cover has recorded a deficit of 60% compared to the average for the decade 2010-2021.

Due to the high temperatures, only 13.5% of the rainfall contributed to the recharge of the flaps aquifers. This phenomenon gives rise to further concern, as the renewable water resource is expected to further reduce by 40% by 2100, with peaks of 90% reduction in southern Italy.

“A concrete commitment is needed”

The amount of water lost in 2022 – notes the Community White Paper Water Value – is equal to that needed to irrigate approximately 641,000 hectares of land, an area corresponding to the entire agricultural surface of Lazio. Furthermore, it is equivalent to the water consumed annually by over 14 million people, i.e. the inhabitants of Lombardy and Piedmont, and the quantity used by the production of 82,000 manufacturing companies, the industrial fabric of regions such as Veneto, Friuli-Venezia Giulia and Emilia-Romagna .

“The situation water in Italy – explains Valerio De Molli, managing partner and CEO of The European House – Ambrosetti – requires immediate and concerted action. A concrete commitment is needed from all the actors involved” and “it is important to modernize and make our water infrastructures more efficient, to optimize the collection and storage of water, activating 20% ​​of the potentially exploitable volumes already present in large Italian dams”.

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